1st Step :
Le contrat de réservation :
If you buy a property off-plan it is normally a two-stage contract process.
In the first stage you will sign a preliminary contract, before you enter into the final VEFA contract itself.
The preliminary contract is called a contrat de réservation.
Before you sign the initial contract, you would be wise to establish how far the developer has reached with the development so that you can be more or less certain that it will proceed, and that it will do so on the basis as set out in the plans.
While the larger developers may well be able to offer you a well-delineated product with a high degree of certainty, this is not universally the case with all developers.
Thus, it may well be that detailed plans of the proposed development are not available. The developer may not even yet own the land, and full planning permission may yet not have been granted.
The developer may still be seeking funding and may simply want to get as many buyers as possible in place, in order that the banks will release the funds.